RnB is a musical genre that mixes elements of rhythm and blues, hip-hop, soul and pop. Launched during the 1980s in the United States, it grew during the 1990s until it became predominant in the 2000s.
Teddy Riley, the creator of the new swing jack officially announces the death of the aforementioned current in 1994 coinciding with the birth of hip-hop-soul (with Mary J. Blige produced at the time by Puff Daddy), also called heavy R & B and simply R & B or contemporary RnB (the term RnB being synonymous with popular African-American music in the United States) or hip-hop / RnB.
R & B is a musical style created above all to make dance, although there are also many ballads. The RnB is preceded by the new swing and even before, by the urban in the 1980s, the latter term is also still used in the United States to designate this musical genre. Since 1990, the RnB has been influenced by such artists as R. Kelly (still nicknamed King of RnB) who, through his many ballads and songs in the form of gospel one of the founders of this new genre that goes to its third decade. The RnB is not part of the hip-hop movement, however, rappers often invite singers to play their choruses in their songs, and they started solo (a good example is that of Ashanti). There are more singers than singers in the RnB. Many female singers are influenced by the Girl Power movement (Mary J. Blige, Beyoncé, etc.). The way of singing RnB comes directly from soul and gospel music.
At first, the music was like rap songs (but with melodic verses and not rap), then gradually, the RnB invents his own style, and later rap uses RnB style music (Ja Rule for example). It is difficult to catalog some rap or RnB artists (Black Eyed Peas, Eve, Lauryn Hill).
Meeting first success with DJs and an audience of connoisseurs (Aaliyah: Back and Forth, Brandy with I Wanna Be Down, Zhané with Groove Thang), the first RnB successes arrived in France in the first half of the 1990s with particular Shanice with [I Love Your Smile (1991), TLC Waterfalls (1994), Boyz II Men with I’ll Make Love To You (1994), and even Native French with If life asks for it, then again in 1996 and 1997 (R. Kelly with I Believe I Can Fly, Blackstreet with No Diggity, In Vogue with Do not Let Go, Usher with U Make Me Wanna, Shola Ama with You’re the One I Love) Toni Braxton with his hit Un-Break My Heart. Then the first commercial successes arrived and the R & B is more and more diffused on the radio (In France, the radio Fun Radio called this music the groove): Usher with U Make Me Wanna (1997), Brandy and Monica with The Boy Is Mine, Mariah Carey with Fantasy mixing for the first time the style of a pop / soul / RnB singer with the hip-hop side of a rapper (ODB), Faith Evans: Love Like This, and in 1999: Destiny’s Child with Bills, Bills, Bills, 1998 Aaliyah with Are You that Somebody ?, 1999 TLC with No Scrubs, Mya with Case Of The Ex in 2001, 3LW with No More (Baby I’M A Do Right) in 2001 and Nivea with Do not Mess With My Man in 2003. Janet Jackson is considered the queen of the Rnb since her album Janet. marketed in 1993.
Video clips often feature hip-hop choreography. Then singers develop a new R & B pop style: Jennifer Lopez: If You Had My Love, Christina Aguilera: Genie In A Bottle. Britney Spears will later call the famous producers, the Neptunes, on her I’m A Slave 4 U to have a more RnB sound and break her image as a wise girl, with all that implies because the RnB often rhymes with sexy clips . A wave of pop artists influenced by the RnB will follow, with artists such as Rihanna, Ariana Grande, Gwen Stefani, Nelly Furtado, Cassie, and Fergie. We can also include Michael Jackson in this list with his album Invincible released in 2001 and Madonna with Hard Candy released in 2008, both mixing pop, RnB, dance and hip-hop. The RnB pop is mostly characterized by famous singers like Justin Timberlake, Akon or Ne-Yo, Chris Brown and Jason Derulo.