Nirvana was an American rock band formed in Aberdeen, Washington, in 1987. It was founded by lead singer and guitarist Kurt Cobain and bassist Krist Novoselic. Nirvana went through a succession of drummers, the longest-lasting and best-known being Dave Grohl, who joined in 1990. Though the band dissolved in 1994 after the death of Cobain, their music maintains a popular following and continues to influence modern rock and roll culture.
In 1987, Cobain and Novoselic, both of whom feel alienated by their humble origins, form Nirvana and begin playing at parties at Evergreen State College, near Olympia. The following year, the Seattle Sub Pop independent label signed the band. Love Buzz, the first single comes out, with in front B Big Cheese. Nirvana’s first album, Bleach, is recorded for a budget of $ 606.17. It was released in 1989, hailed by the underground rock community and sold 35,000 copies, a considerable figure for a record released on an independent label. The following year, Nirvana released a new single with Sub Pop, Sliver (B: Dive) and recorded six new songs (including Smells Like Teen Spirit) with producer Butch Vig. Although they are in principle opposed to the majors, Nirvana members say they want to turn to larger record companies, they say, in hopes of spreading the punk message to a wider audience.
Nirvana’s compositions offer inspired ballads or songs with more aggressive riffs. Kurt Cobain’s themes are varied and often personal: addiction to drugs, machismo, love or his own childhood. Nirvana’s career, albeit a short one, marks Rock’s history, making Alternative Rock popular and opening the door for other groups such as Foo Fighters, The Offspring, Green Day.