In the 1980s, house appeared in two nightclubs, the Chicago Warehouse and New York’s Paradise Garage, where social and racial barriers tended to fade. In Chicago, DJs like Ron Hardy recycle some elements of disco and start creating music that will soon meet his original audience – gays and blacks – and find his creative tools: the MIDI standard * (musical instrument digital interface) in 1983 and sampling * (1986 for the Akai S-900 digital sampler).
Frankie Knuckles, a migrant from New York to Chicago, is inspired by the work of the Kraftwerk group and, thanks to his knowledge of studio techniques, stands out as an experimenter who also knows how to produce other artists. On the very active Trax label of Larry Sherman, Marshall Jefferson, a hard rock fan converted to electronic music, composed Move your Body (1986), a success that helped spread the sound house, like French Kiss ( 1989), of Lil’Louis. Larry Heard also assembles elements borrowed from disco and electronics. For its part, DJ Pierre updates the sounds of the Roland TB-303, a machine yet considered obsolete; this sound generator sequencer becomes the emblem of techno and acid house, which is booming in Great Britain. This is a fair return, as many American artists acknowledge the importance of Manchester New Order’s New Wave band (Blue Monday, 1983, Technique, 1988).
Variants House :
The generic name “house” brings together multiple variants that appear and disappear according to the modes35. However some have a tangible stylistic reality and define a specific style or provenance. It should be noted that some styles are not even seen as existing for some fans, because house music is a very broad style and varies over the modes, time, technology and especially the different sounds that bring him artists from all over the world.
Acid house: refers to compositions using the “tart” sounds of the Roland TB-303 synthesizer. Originally conceived as an economic tool for rehearsals of guitarists to support a programmable bass line, the TB-303 suffered a commercial failure when it was released in 1982 because of its highly synthetic, incompatible sounds. with the jazz or rock game. However, it will have a second life when it is re-appropriated by the young House musicians from Chicago, who favor this inexpensive synthesizer with powerful and original sound capabilities, designed to work with other elements of the Roland range such as sound boxes. TR-808, TR-909, or TR-606 rhythms.
Deep house: sometimes synonymous with original house and refers to the first period of the Chicago house. Representative artists include Larry Heard, Dennis Ferrer, Kerri Chandler, Theo Parrish, Moodymann, Underground Resistance.
Disco house: dance style, geared towards clubs and commercial sales.
Electro house: sub-genre that emerged in 2006. It is much more accessible than other forms of house and has a wide audience. Among the first artists: Justice (group) and still today many DJs are known through electro house: Chuckie, LMFAO, Benny Benassi, Dahlbäck, Deadmau5 and many others.
French touch: defines French productions that mix filtered voices (flanger, compression, EQ …), disco samples and powerful rhythmic lines, widely borrowed from Chicago house and garage house. The most famous artists of this scene are Daft Punk, Air, St Germain (musician), Laurent Garnier, Bob Sinclar and Étienne de Crécy.
Funky house: style much more anchored in funk and much less in disco. The name Funky house is also used in some House music pieces using synthesizers and rhythmic lines caressing the musical Motown and disco movement even if this name is not always true in this circumstance. The British label Ministry of Sound via their sub-label Hed Kandi (acquired in 2006 from a DJ band) and Erick Morillo’s New York label Subliminal Records are world famous for their productions and compilations including many funky house plays.
Future house: a style that has its source in deep house and is usually characterized by synthesizer stabs, a so-called muted melody accompanied by a metallic and elastic drop. This style of house is launched in 2013 by the impetus of Tchami, Parisian DJ and Oliver Heldens, Dutch DJ. It has become a popular and extremely popular style due to the increasing number of DJs related to this style such as Curbi, Don Diablo, Shaun Frank or Lucas & Steve.
Garage house: Although its production has stopped, it is a direct descendant of disco and one of the main sources of inspiration for the house. Just about everyone agrees that this style stems from the Paradise Garage in New York where the legendary DJ Larry Levan resided.
Ghetto house: a variation of house and acid house, sometimes fueled by hip-hop vocals, scratches and samples. Although very few artists are exclusively related to this style, the majority of Chicago-born artists who have produced and broadcast techno in Detroit have already produced and broadcast it.
Gqom: evolution of kwaito (see below).
Kwaito: a variant of house music making use of sound samples from African music, having emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa, during the 1990s.
Latin house: house style with rhythms and Latin songs. Edward Maya is a DJ and musician well known for this style.
Progressive House: a musical movement originating in Britain during the 1990s, with sounds often confused with trance, a vocal and similar synths accompanying the production. It is more easily distinguished by a tempo slower than trance, more difficult by differences in the structure of hi-hat / snares and breakdowns. This style can be confusing, as some of the commercially oriented house parts with pop and electro house sounds are categorized as progressive house, although they are far from the original sounds. The most famous artists of this style are Sasha, John Digweed or the well-known Anjunadeep label (sub-label of Anjunabeats) owned by Above and Beyond. Notable artists include Arty, DubVision, Martin Garrix, KSHMR, Vicetone and Axwell.
Lo-fi house: a genre of house that has been increasingly successful since 2016. It is characterized by a lo-fi sound, a dirty sound (contrary to the conformity of music in general) caused by various effects such as overdrive and the saturator. It often has a more melancholy and poetic appearance than the classic house. Its notable representatives are DJ Seinfeld, DJ Boring, and Ross From Friends.
Microhouse (or minimal house): style that is close to minimal techno and tech house but is different by its sound inspired by funk and glitch and its more sober structure. The most famous artist of this style is undoubtedly Ricardo Villalobos.
Speed garage: similar to the garage house, but with its faster tempo and syncopated and less linear structure, as well as many additions. Craig David remains the main representative of this style.
Tech house: like deep house, it’s underground. It is at the hinge between techno (for tempo and rhythms) and house (for the use of samples and bass lines). She experienced a first wave of popularity in the early 2000s by her style very raw and appreciated by many European partygoers. It is mostly played in underground clubs in Europe but it is starting to gain popularity in clubs and after-hours in North America, including Miami, Los Angeles, Toronto and Montreal since 2009. Notable artists: Tiefschwarz , and John Tejada.
Tribal house: includes African sounds, including percussion and tribal songs. The Ministry of Sound label and many associated artists have brought this kind of drumming in many productions over the years. It should be noted that this style is often associated with the tech house or deep house by the musical diversity it brings. The artists Steve Lawler and Noir, both very popular in the underground, have widely popularized percussion and tribal songs through the tech house and deep house from the year 2008.
Witch house: occult version, inspired by the hip-hop movement chopped and screwed and embellished with industrial sounds, syncopated structure, filtered voices and synthesizers inspired by the purist sound of the garage house and techno of Detroit.